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Jawaban Seleksi ujian masuk Universitas Indonesia SIMAK UI 2016 A monkey that has acquired the sole power to…

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Pertanyaan

Seleksi ujian masuk Universitas Indonesia SIMAK UI 2016 A monkey that has acquired the sole power to hand out apples is generously rewarded with
grooming seassions by the other monkeys in its group. However, as soon as another monkey can hand out apples as well, the market value of the first monkey is halved. The monkeys therefore unerringly obey the law of supply and demand. In the experiment researchers placed food containers with highly-desired pleces of apple in two groups of South African vervet monkeys. For the monkeys there was just one problem: only in each group could open the food container. This monkey had a low position in the rank order and was groomed. However, as soon as she acquired the power to hand out apples she was valued more and was groomed a lot by the rest of the group. Yet she could only enjoy that privilege briefly; the researchers placed a second container that could be opened by another low-ranking female. From that moment onwards the market value of the first monkey was halved, and she was therefore groomed half as often.
The experiments revealed that the female monkeys that could open the food containers were groomed more than when the exerted no power over the food production. The female concerned also did not have to groom the other monkeys as long. They were therefore paid for their services as food suppliers. Biological market theory predicts that the market value of these female monkeys should vary accourding to the law of supply and demand. The fact that the grooming time of the first monkey was halved as soon as the second monkey gained the power to distribute apples, instantaeously adjusted to the market. Immediately after the opening of the food containers, the researchers registered how long the females were gromed for. The next occasion on which the females could open the container was, however, several days later. The fact that the females were still groomed more indicates that the vervet monkeys apply a strategy that works in the long term. The choice of partners is also influenced by long-term attitudes; the monkey can value one monkey relative more than the others.
A change in price-grooming for less long if there is another monkey that supplies-is only possible if a negotiation process takes place. Many economists assume that such negotiation can only take place if they are included with a contract. However, the vervet monkeys do not have the possibility to conclude such binding contracts and yet they still succeed in agreeing to a change in price for a service. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE, according to the text?
A. Vervet monkeys only apply a short term strategy.
B. Female monkeys supplying apples received reward from other groups.
C. There were two food containers involved in the experiment.
D. Vervet monkeys behave according to the law of supply and demand.
E. Vervet monkeys could have negotiations without binding contracts.

Jawaban #1 untuk Pertanyaan: Seleksi ujian masuk Universitas Indonesia SIMAK UI 2016 A monkey that has acquired the sole power to hand out apples is generously rewarded with
grooming seassions by the other monkeys in its group. However, as soon as another monkey can hand out apples as well, the market value of the first monkey is halved. The monkeys therefore unerringly obey the law of supply and demand. In the experiment researchers placed food containers with highly-desired pleces of apple in two groups of South African vervet monkeys. For the monkeys there was just one problem: only in each group could open the food container. This monkey had a low position in the rank order and was groomed. However, as soon as she acquired the power to hand out apples she was valued more and was groomed a lot by the rest of the group. Yet she could only enjoy that privilege briefly; the researchers placed a second container that could be opened by another low-ranking female. From that moment onwards the market value of the first monkey was halved, and she was therefore groomed half as often.
The experiments revealed that the female monkeys that could open the food containers were groomed more than when the exerted no power over the food production. The female concerned also did not have to groom the other monkeys as long. They were therefore paid for their services as food suppliers. Biological market theory predicts that the market value of these female monkeys should vary accourding to the law of supply and demand. The fact that the grooming time of the first monkey was halved as soon as the second monkey gained the power to distribute apples, instantaeously adjusted to the market. Immediately after the opening of the food containers, the researchers registered how long the females were gromed for. The next occasion on which the females could open the container was, however, several days later. The fact that the females were still groomed more indicates that the vervet monkeys apply a strategy that works in the long term. The choice of partners is also influenced by long-term attitudes; the monkey can value one monkey relative more than the others.
A change in price-grooming for less long if there is another monkey that supplies-is only possible if a negotiation process takes place. Many economists assume that such negotiation can only take place if they are included with a contract. However, the vervet monkeys do not have the possibility to conclude such binding contracts and yet they still succeed in agreeing to a change in price for a service. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE, according to the text?
A. Vervet monkeys only apply a short term strategy.
B. Female monkeys supplying apples received reward from other groups.
C. There were two food containers involved in the experiment.
D. Vervet monkeys behave according to the law of supply and demand.
E. Vervet monkeys could have negotiations without binding contracts.

Pertanyaannya adalah pernyataan mana yang tidak benar menurut teks.

Kalimat ke-8 paragraf-2 menyebutkan bahwa The fact that females were still grromed more indicated that the vervet monkeys apply a strategy that works in the long term.

Pernyataan ini bertentangan dengan opsi (A)

Jawaban: A

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